If you have hearing or speech difficulties, you can communicate by telephone using Teletype (TTY) or real-time text (RTT)—protocols that transmit text as you type and allow the recipient to read the message right away. RTT is a more advanced protocol that transmits audio as you type text. (Only certain carriers support TTY and RTT.)
iPhone provides built-in Software RTT and TTY from the Phone app—it requires no additional devices. If you turn on Software RTT/TTY, iPhone defaults to the RTT protocol whenever it’s supported by the carrier.
iPhone also supports Hardware TTY, so you can connect iPhone to an external TTY device with the iPhone TTY Adapter (sold separately in many regions).
Set up RTT or TTY. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > RTT/TTY or Settings > General > Accessibility > TTY, where you can:
Turn on Software RTT/TTY or Software TTY.
Turn on Hardware TTY.
Enter the phone number to use for relay calls with Software TTY.
Choose to send each character as you type or enter the whole message before you send.
Turn on Answer All Calls as TTY.
When RTT or TTY is turned on, appears in the status bar at the top of the screen.
Connect iPhone to an external TTY device. If you turned on Hardware TTY in Settings, connect iPhone to your TTY device using the iPhone TTY Adapter. If Software TTY is also turned on, incoming calls default to Hardware TTY. For information about using a particular TTY device, see the documentation that came with it.
Start an RTT or TTY call. In the Phone app, choose a contact, then tap the phone number. Choose RTT/TTY Call or RTT/TTY Relay Call, wait for the call to connect, then tap RTT/TTY. iPhone defaults to the RTT protocol whenever it’s supported by the carrier.
When making an emergency call in the U.S., iPhone sends out a series of TDD tones to alert the operator. The operator’s ability to receive or respond to TDD can vary depending on your location. Apple doesn’t guarantee that the operator will be able to receive or respond to an RTT or TTY call.
If you haven’t turned RTT on and you receive an incoming RTT call, tap the RTT button to answer the call with RTT.
Type text during an RTT or TTY call. Enter your message in the text field. If you turned on Send Immediately in Settings, your recipient sees each character as you type. Otherwise, tap to send the message. To also transmit audio, tap .
Review the transcript of a Software RTT or TTY call. In the Phone app, tap Recents, then tap next to the call you want to see. RTT and TTY calls have next to them.
Note: Continuity features aren’t available for RTT and TTY support. Standard voice call rates apply for both Software RTT/TTY and Hardware TTY calls.
You can edit still photos and Live Photos right on iPhone. If your photos are stored in iCloud, your edits are updated across all your devices set up with iCloud, and both your original and edited versions are saved. If you delete a photo, it’s deleted from all your devices and iCloud. Photo app extensions can provide special editing options.
Edit a photo or Live Photo. View the photo full screen, tap Edit, then tap a tool. When you’re finished, tap Done.
Auto-enhance improves a photo’s exposure, contrast, saturation, and other qualities.
When a photo is taken with flash, use the Remove Red-eye tool by tapping each eye that needs correcting.
To crop the photo, tap . Photos suggests an optimal crop, but you can drag the corners of the grid tool to set your own crop. Move the wheel to tilt or straighten the photo; tap Reset to undo these changes. Tap to rotate the photo 90 degrees. Tap to choose a standard crop ratio, such as 2:3 or Square.
With photo filters , you can apply different effects, such as Vivid, Dramatic, or Silvertone.
Tap to make adjustments to light, color, or black and white. Tap an option, then move the slider to the desired effect. Tap for fine adjustments.
Don’t like the results? Before you save your changes, tap Cancel, then tap Discard Changes. Or tap Done to save changes.
Add a Live Photo effect. Swipe up on a Live Photo and tap an effect. Loop repeats the action in a continuous looping video. Bounce rewinds the action backwards and forward. Long Exposure simulates a DSLR-like long exposure effect by blurring motion.
Make a still photo from a Live Photo. View the Live Photo, tap Edit, then tap the Live button at the top of the screen.
Set a key photo for a Live Photo. View the Live Photo, tap Edit, then drag the square in the frame viewer until you find a still photo you like. Tap Make Key Photo.
Trim or mute a Live Photo. View the Live Photo. Tap Edit, then drag either end of the frame viewer. To mute, tap .
Compare the edited version to the original. Tap Edit, then touch and hold the photo to view the original. Release to see your edits.
Revert to original. After you edit a photo and save your changes, you can revert to the original image. Tap the image, tap Edit, then tap Revert.
Mark up a photo. View the photo, tap Edit, tap , then tap Markup. Annotate the photo with the Markup tools (pen, pencil, and marker). Erase your marks with the eraser. (If it’s a Live Photo, Markup turns it into a still image.) See Use Markup.
Add a photo filter. Tap , then below the viewer, swipe the filters left or right to preview and choose a filter. You can remove or change filters that were applied in either Camera or Photos.
Trim a video. Tap Edit, drag either end of the frame viewer, tap Done, then tap Save as New Clip. The new video clip is saved in your Videos album (the original video remains unchanged).
Set the slow-motion section of a video shot in Slo-mo. Tap Edit, then use the vertical bars beneath the frame viewer. (See Shoot video for information about Slo-mo.)
You can take photos and videos with the front-facing and rear cameras. To quickly get to the camera, swipe left from the Lock screen.
Choose a photo mode. Camera has several photo modes so you can shoot standard and square-format photos, and panoramas. To choose a mode, swipe the screen left or right, or tap Photo, Square, or Pano.
On iPhone X, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone 7 Plus, you can also choose Portrait mode, which uses a depth effect to focus on your subject and blur the background.
Take a photo. To open Camera, swipe left from the Lock screen, or tap Camera. Choose a photo mode (for example, Photo, Square, or Pano), then tap the Shutter button, or press either volume button.
If you started from the Lock screen, return to it by swiping up (iPhone X) or pressing the Home button (other models).
3D Touch. In Control Center or on the Home screen, press , then choose a quick action.
Ask Siri. Say something like:
“Take a photo”
Capture a portrait. (iPhone X, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone 7 Plus) Choose Portrait mode, frame your subject, then tap the Shutter button.
On iPhone X and iPhone 8 Plus, you can highlight your subject with a stunning Portrait Lighting effect (beta). In Camera, choose Portrait mode, then drag to choose the lighting.
Natural Light: The face is in sharp focus against a blurred background.
Studio Light: The face is brightly lit, and the photo has an overall clean look.
Contour Light: The face has dramatic shadows with highlights and lowlights.
Stage Light: The face is spotlit against a deep black background.
Stage Light Mono: The effect is like Stage Light, but the photo is in classic black and white.
On iPhone X, you can take a Portrait mode selfie with a Portrait Lighting effect. Switch to the front-facing TrueDepth camera, choose Portrait mode, then frame your face.
Turn Depth Effect on or off for a photo shot in Portrait mode. (iPhone X, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone 7 Plus) In the Photos app, view a photo that was shot in Portrait mode, tap Edit, then tap Portrait to turn the blurred depth effect on or off.
Tip: It’s easy to find photos you captured in Portrait mode that have Depth Effect turned on. In the Photos app, tap Albums, then tap the Portrait album.
Zoom in or out. (iPhone X, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone 7 Plus) The Dual 12MP wide-angle and telephoto cameras capture full-resolution video and stills at 1x and 2x zoom. To quickly switch, toggle or . You can zoom even further with digital zoom—up to 10x for photos and up to 6x for videos. For finer zoom and to zoom beyond 2x, touch and hold the zoom control, then slide left and right. You can also pinch the screen to zoom in and out. On other iPhone models, pinch the screen to zoom in and out.
The telephoto camera on iPhone X has optical image stabilization, which allows you to capture great zoomed video and stills in low light.
Keep it straight. To display a grid that can help you align shots, go to Settings > Camera, then turn on Grid.
Take a Live Photo. A Live Photo captures what happens just before and after you take your photo. Tap to turn on Live Photos (yellow is on), then tap the Shutter button. You can edit Live Photos in the Photos app. In your albums, Live Photos are marked with “Live” in the corner.
Add a photo filter. You can apply a filter before you take a photo in Photo, Square, and Portrait mode. Tap , then below the viewer, swipe the filters left or right to preview and choose one. You can remove or change a photo’s filter in Photos.
Adjust shutter-sound volume. Adjust the volume of the shutter sound using the Ringer and Alerts settings in Settings > Sounds . Or mute the sound using the Ring/Silent switch. (In some countries, muting is disabled.)
Take Burst shots. With the camera in Photo or Square mode, touch and hold the Shutter button to take rapid-fire photos in bursts. Lift your finger to stop. The counter shows how many shots you’ve taken. You can take burst photos with the rear and front-facing cameras. To select the photos you want to keep, tap the burst thumbnail, then tap Select. Gray dots below the thumbnails mark the suggested photos. Tap the circle in the lower-right corner of each photo you want to save as a separate photo, then tap Done. To delete the burst of photos, tap the burst thumbnail, then tap .
To choose which burst photos to upload to your Photo Stream, go to Settings > Photos.
Take a selfie with Retina Flash. Turn on the flash, switch to the front-facing camera, then tap the Shutter button (the display flashes on exposure).
Take a panorama photo. (rear camera) Choose Pano, tap the Shutter button, then pan slowly in the direction of the arrow, keeping the arrow on the center line. To finish the pan, tap the button again. To pan in the other direction instead, first tap the arrow. To pan vertically, rotate iPhone to landscape orientation. You can reverse the direction of a vertical pan, too.
On iPhone X, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone 7 Plus, toggle between and to shoot a panorama at 1x and 2x zoom at full resolution.
Use the capture timer. Use the capture timer to give yourself time to be in the shot. First stabilize iPhone where you want, then frame your shot. Tap , tap 3s or 10s, then tap the Shutter button.
Preserve camera settings. You can preserve the last camera mode and photo filter settings you used so they’re not reset when you next open Camera. Go to Settings > Camera > Preserve Settings, then turn on Camera Mode. You can also preserve Live Photo settings.
Compress photos to save space. (iPhone X, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone 7, and iPhone 7 Plus) To save space, iPhone captures photos and videos in new high-efficiency formats called HEIF and HEVC automatically. To change image and video format settings, go to Settings > Camera > Formats, then choose either High Efficiency (saves more space) or Most Compatible.
Take a screenshot. To capture what’s displayed on your screen:
iPhone X: Simultaneously press and then release the side button and volume up button.
Other models: Simultaneously press and then release the Home button and the side button or Sleep/Wake button (depending on your model).
Tap the screenshot, then tap Done and choose Save to Photos or Delete Screenshot. If you save the screenshot, you can view it in the Screenshots album or All Photos album (if you’re using iCloud Photo Library).
Read a QR code. Camera automatically detects a QR code when it’s in the picture frame. Tap the notification that appears to go to the relevant website or app.
When “Do Not Disturb while driving” is activated, it helps you stay focused on the road. Text messages and other notifications are silenced or limited. Siri reads replies aloud, so you don’t have to look at your iPhone (the screen stays dark). Incoming calls are allowed only when iPhone is connected to a car Bluetooth system or a hands-free accessory, or when you use the Do Not Disturb settings to allow some calls.
WARNING: For important information about navigation and avoiding distractions that could lead to dangerous situations, see Important safety information. “Do Not Disturb while driving” is not a substitute for following all rules that prohibit distracted driving.
Use “Do Not Disturb while driving.” If iPhone detects you might have driven a vehicle before you set up “Do Not Disturb while driving,” iPhone asks if you want to turn it on. Otherwise, go to Settings > Do Not Disturb > Activate, then choose an option: Automatically (when iPhone detects you might be driving), Manually (only from Control Center), or When Connected to Car Bluetooth.
If you choose Manually, add Do Not Disturb While Driving to Control Center. Go to Settings > Control Center > Customize Controls, then tap next to Do Not Disturb While Driving.
Note: When you’re using CarPlay, “Do Not Disturb while driving” isn’t activated.
Get calls, messages, and notifications when you’re a passenger. If “Do Not Disturb while driving” becomes active when you’re not driving (if you’re a passenger, for example), tap the Do Not Disturb notification on the Lock screen, then tap I’m Not Driving. You can also swipe up from the bottom of the screen (iPhone X) or press the Home button (other models), then tap I’m Not Driving.
Send an auto-reply text message that you’re driving. By default, an auto-reply is sent to anyone in your Favorites group. To change who receives the auto-reply, go to Settings > Do Not Disturb > Auto-Reply To, then choose one of the following:
Recents: Sends an auto-reply to anyone you sent a message to in the previous two days, even if they’re not in your Contacts.
Favorites: Sends an auto-reply to anyone in your Favorites group in Phone.
All Contacts: Sends an auto-reply to everyone in Contacts.
No One: Turns off auto-reply.
If anyone responds to your auto-reply message with the message “Urgent,” all subsequent texts from that person come through for the remainder of your drive.
Create a custom auto-reply text message. Go to Settings > Do Not Disturb > Auto-Reply, then tap the message to bring up the keyboard.
Allow some calls. If your car doesn’t have Bluetooth, you can allow some calls to come through.
Allow a second call from the same person within 3 minutes: Go to Settings > Do Not Disturb, then turn on Repeated Calls.
Allow calls from your Favorites or everyone: Go to Settings > Do Not Disturb > Allow Calls From.
Note: “Do Not Disturb while driving” uses Location Services to help determine if you might be driving or if you’re near your home, work, or a predicted destination. The location data Apple collects for these purposes doesn’t personally identify you. To turn off Location Services for “Do Not Disturb while driving,” go to Settings > Privacy > Location Services > System Services, then turn off Location-Based Alerts.
You can use the camera to scan documents into Notes, then add markup or signatures.
Scan documents. Tap , then choose Scan Documents. When you position iPhone so that the document page appears on the screen, iPhone automatically captures the page. Continue to scan more pages or tap Save when you’re done.
Tip: To manually capture a page, tap . Tap Keep Scan to save the page or tap Retake to try again.
Turn the flash on or off. Tap .
Apply a filter. Tap , then choose to scan the page as a color, grayscale, or black and white document, or as a photo.
Manually adjust a scan. Before you save a scan, you can tap the thumbnail to show tools to adjust the crop, rotation, or filter of the scan. After you save the scan, you can tap the scanned document in the note to make adjustments or capture more pages.
Mark up a saved scan. Tap the scanned document, tap , then tap . To add your signature, tap , then tap Signature.
In apps including Notes, Mail, and iBooks, you can annotate images, notes, PDFs, screenshots, and more with built-in drawing tools. In some apps, you can also add text, speech bubbles and other shapes, and signatures.
Mark it up. Tap , then use your finger to draw.
To mark up a screenshot right after you take it, tap the thumbnail that appears for a few moments in the bottom-left corner of the screen. (To share a screenshot after you mark it up, tap .)
Choose a markup tool. Tap the pencil, marker, or pen tool. Switch to the eraser—or tap —if you make a mistake.
Move your drawings. Tap , drag around one or more drawings to make a selection, lift your finger, then drag your selection to a new location.
View more color choices. Tap the current color to view a color palette. Swipe the palette left or right to see more colors. Or, hold iPhone in landscape orientation.
Zoom in. Pinch open so you can draw the details, then pinch closed to zoom back out. To navigate when you’re zoomed in, drag two fingers.
Add text. Tap , then tap Text. Tap the text box, tap Edit, then type your text. To change the font or layout, tap .To move the text box, drag it.
Add your signature. Tap , then tap Signature.
Add a shape. Tap , then tap a shape. To move the shape, drag it. To resize it, drag any blue dot.
To fill the shape with color or change the line thickness, tap . To adjust the form of a shape that has a green dot, drag the dot. To delete or duplicate a shape, tap it then choose an option.
Magnify a portion of the screen. Tap , then tap Magnifier. To change the magnification level, drag the green dot. To change the size of the magnifier, drag the blue dot.