User Guide for SYNTONIE models including: SYNTONIE, Circuit Bent Delay, CBV002

CBV002

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DocumentCVB002 user guide V1
CBV002
Circuit bent delay  User documentation / build guide

 syntonie.fr  2020

CBV002

Circuit bent delay  User documentation / build guide

 syntonie.fr  2020

CBV002 is an eurorack adaptation of Discret11, which is based on an analog encryption system of the same name used by pay TV in the 90s.
It works by delaying the signal by a few hundreds of nanoseconds, resulting in an horizontal displacement and hue shift.

Specifications
 16HP  120mA +12V  60mA -12V  0mA +5V  45mm deep

Special thanks to: Lars Larsen and Phil Baljeu for the Cadet and Castle DIY series, from which I used essential building blocks / Drew Pauper for his work in analog glitch, and specifically for a discussion that initially inspired the reproduction of Discret11 effect / Iker Muruaga for the enclosure design / Lorenzo Ferronato for the front panel and documentation design // And of course, everyone who've been supporting Syntonie.

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Inputs / outputs

syntonie.fr  2020

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(1) Composite Video IN (left) - OUT (right) / 1Vpp, 75ohm (2) CV Inputs / 0-1V, 100k ohm CBV002 process composite video through the RCA input/outCV (2) inputs allow for:
 frequency modulation of the internal oscillator  keying between original and delayed video  control over delay time

CBV002

Key

syntonie.fr  2020

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This section switches between original and delayed video signal using a control voltage. Source selection switch (1) allows to choose which signal will be used for keying :
 VCO: internal square VCO  RND: internal VCO through random  EXT: external signal through CV input Knob (2) acts on the threshold of the CV input (only work in EXT) Input selection switch (3) allows to choose between :  external CV input through 3.5mm jack when UP ()  video input modulation when DOWN (), original/delayed video will now be
keyed based on the input video signal

CBV002

Delay

syntonie.fr  2020
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This section acts on the delay time, which in result acts on horizontal displacement/hue shift. Delay time knob (1) allows for manual control over delay time. Delay preset switch (2) set the initial delay time (from around 820ns to 1000ns) Delay CV attenuverter (3) attenuates and/or invert the signal coming from the Delay CV input Input selection switch (4) allows to choose between :
 external CV input through 3.5mm jack when UP ()  video input modulation when DOWN (), original/delayed video will now be delayed
based on the input video signal (can cause instability of the signal)
Note that even if the delay CV input can go quite high in frequency, an internal filter attenuates it in order to minimize CV bleeding through the video signal at high frequencies

CBV002

VCO

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syntonie.fr  2020

This section features a square VCO that can be used for keying, which result is quite close to the original Discret11 effect which works by delaying the signal at line rate.
VCO rate knob (1) allows for manual control over the frequency of the VCO
Frequency range switch (2) allows to switch between Vertical and Horizontal range, as long as unsynced oscillation when switch is centered.
FM attenuverter (3) attenuates and/or invert the signal coming from the FM input.
Input selection switch (4) allows to choose between :
 external CV input through 3.5mm jack when UP ()  video input modulation when DOWN (), oscillator will now be frequency modulated
based on the input video signal.

CBV002

Feedback

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The knob (1) feeds the video output signal back into the video input, resulting in edge feedback/ distorsion when fully clockwise ().

CBV002

Build guide / mainboard

syntonie.fr  2020

Use the interactive BOM to look for component placement / Find the BOM here
Place and solder in this order :
 1 Resistors/resistor array  2 Diodes (mind the orientation)  3 Ferrites beads  4 Capacitors (mind the orientation of electrolytic capacitors)  5 Transistors/regulators (mind the orientation)  6 IC sockets/ICs (mind the orientation)  7 Trimmers  8 Connectors (mind the orientation)

CBV002

Build guide / mainboard Modifications

syntonie.fr  2020

R72 and R73 are not present on the board (no footprint), so they need to be soldered underneath U4 on the mainboard like in the picture above (one resistor between pin 2 and pin 6, another one between pin 8 and pin 12).
Make sure the resistors leads doesn't short anything.
The circuit will work without this modification, however it will generate a DC voltage at the output when nothing is plugged at the RCA input of the module, and in the case the RCA output is connected to another input , the module will draw much more current that what is specified.

CBV002

Build guide / controlboard

syntonie.fr  2020

Use the interactive BOM to look for component placement / Find the BOM here
Place and solder in this order :
 1 Resistors (mind the two standing resistors)  2 Capacitors  3 Transistors (mind the orientation)  4 IC sockets/ICs (mind the orientation)  5 Switches  6 Connectors  7 Potentiometers

CBV002

Build guide / controlboard Modifications (optional)

syntonie.fr  2020

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Q3 footprint got the leads of the transistor quite close together, which can be hard to solder. If you don't feel confident soldering Q3 without shorts, you can solder it like in the image above (pin 1 and pin 3 across R57, pin 2 on left side of R55).
Keep the transistor oriented as shown on the silkscreen (flat side on the top). Cut the leads of the transistor at about the half and make sure that it doesn't sit too tall, as the front panel will come above.

CBV002

Power supply (optional)

syntonie.fr  2020

Place and solder in this order :
 1 Inductors  2 Connector (mind the orientation)  3 Capacitors (mind the orientation + the two 2200uF caps needs to be bent
and soldered perpendicular to the board))
Apply 15VDC power supply and check for +12V/-12V on the 16pin connector.

CBV002

Calibration

syntonie.fr  2020

Once the mainboard and controlboard are connected together, and power applied through the 10pin connector, the circuit should pass video through.

If that's not the case, check both boards for incorrect component orientation/placement, cold solder joint, etc...

Blanking
Best way to set it visually is to switch the key source to VCO and VCO range to vertical, and use a test pattern for reference. The resulting image should display horizontal bars.
Not calibrated properly Left and right part of the picture doesn't display the delayed (darker) part fully.

After turning P1 clockwise, we can see that the delayed part is now displayed on the left, however the whole bars shifted to the left, so we're now missing a little bit more on the right.

CBV002

Calibration

syntonie.fr  2020
After turning P2 counterclockwise, the horizontal bars should now be extended on the right, until it reaches the end of the picture.

If P2 is turned counterclockwise too much, it will display something like this. Turn it clockwise until you start seeing the bars diminishing to the right, and back until it reaches the previous example.
Delayed signal make-up gain The delay chip attenuates the video signal a bit, so delayed signal needs to be amplified to match the input video signal. Note that the delayed signal also loose a bit of linearity, so it's not really possible to match the original signal 1:1. We can keep the previous calibration settings, however this time we need to turn the delay time knob so the color in the delayed signal matches the original signal as much as possible, use the delay preset switch if the range of the delay time isn't enough to reach the right colors. Move the delay time until you reach the right colors at max saturation (saturation will increase/decrease as you get close to match the original video).

CBV002

Calibration

syntonie.fr  2020
When moving P3, the brightness of the delayed signal should change. Here it is darker, so P3 needs to be turned counterclockwise to increase delayed signal amplitude.

Here it is too high, so P3 needs to be turned clockwise to decrease delayed signal amplitude.

P3 properly calibrated
Once again, it's not really possible to have it perfectly matched so aim for what looks good on your display/capture card.

CBV002

Enclosure assembly

syntonie.fr  2020

If you printed the enclosure yourself, you'll need to install M3 brass inserts in order to screw the assembly together as long as fixing the front panel to the enclosure. The enclosure has holes to fit the inserts using a soldering iron. There is 4 on the rear part and 2 on the front part.

B

A 4

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Start by fixing the power supply (A) to the rear part of the enclosure (B). First, fix the 11mm spacer (1) with a 6mm screw (2) to the power board, leave the washer on the DC connector (3).
Attach the 16pin to 10pin power cable to the power board before installing it into the rear part of the enclosure. Then secure it using a 6mm screw (4) and the nut for the DC connector.

CBV002

Enclosure assembly

syntonie.fr  2020

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B D
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Connect the 16pin to 10pin connector to the module (C), and slide the module (C) into the front part of the enclosure (D).
Finally, slide the rear part of the enclosure (B) into the front part of the enclosure (D).
Now secure the front panel, rear and front part of the enclosure using 2x 12mm screws (1), then using 2x 6mm screws (2), fix the front panel to the front part.
Use 2x 12mm screws (3) to fix the rear part to the front part from the other side.

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CBV002
Circuit bent delay  User documentation / build guide

 syntonie.fr  2020


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